The UAE has the world’s seventh-largest proven crude oil reserves and is one of the world’s wealthiest countries per capita. The hydrocarbon economy makes up to 80 per cent of the government’s revenue. At 525 million British thermal units (BTU) per capita, the UAE has a high level of per capita energy consumption, a result of rapid economic development, energy-intensive industries and heavy use of air conditioning in a hot climate.
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The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is one of the most hydrocarbon-poor countries in the Middle East, with neither significant production of oil or natural gas. It relies heavily on imported oil and gas for power generation, and is currently implementing various renewable energy projects. It does, however, have large reserves of oil shale, but these have yet to be developed and there are several challenges associated with their development.