Results for Tag: Iraq

10 results found.
United Arab Emirates

The UAE has the world’s seventh-largest proven crude oil reserves and is one of the world’s wealthiest countries per capita. The hydrocarbon economy makes up to 80 per cent of the government’s revenue. At 525 million British thermal units (BTU) per capita, the UAE has a high level of per capita energy consumption, a result of rapid economic development, energy-intensive industries and heavy use of air conditioning in a hot climate.


With 10 per cent of the world’s oil reserves, Iran has the fourth largest oil reserves after Saudi Arabia, Venezuela and Canada. Iran played an important role in the international oil market until sanctions were first imposed in 1979 by the United States.


The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is one of the most hydrocarbon-poor countries in the Middle East, with neither significant production of oil or natural gas. It relies heavily on imported oil and gas for power generation, and is currently implementing various renewable energy projects. It does, however, have large reserves of oil shale, but these have yet to be developed and there are several challenges associated with their development.


Turkey, while not a large supplier of energy, is a major demand centre in the MENA region and a net importer of all three major fossil fuel sources .


The splintering of Syria into numerous spheres of control has had a dramatic impact on Syria’s energy sector.


Iraq, along with neighbouring countries sits atop the world’s most prolific collection of hydrocarbon deposits, containing some 60% of the world’s known reserves.

Saudi Arabia

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is known the world over for its great oil wealth, which plays an important role in the country’s close relationship with the United States.

Selected Sources

al-Arabiya Brookings Institution Central Intelligence Agency: The World Factbook IHS CERA: IHS Global Insight Iraq Oil Report International Energy Agency: Iraq Special Report 2012 International Energy Agency: Medium-Term Oil Market Report 2013: Market Trends and Projections to 2018, published in 2013 International Energy Agency: Medium-Term Oil Market Report 2014: Market Analysis and Forecasts to 2019 […]

Abbreviations and Acronyms
bbbl billion barrels bbl barrel(s) BCM billion cubic metres bpd barrels per day EIA Energy Information Administration GDP gross domestic product GOSP gas-oil separation plant GW gigawatt IEA International Energy Agency INOC Iraq National Oil Company IS Islamic State ISF Iraqi Security Forces kbpd thousand barrels per day KRG Kurdish Regional Government kWh kilowatt-hours mbpd [...]